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Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields 3kHz to 300GHz ȸ : 2438
radition protection standard(ȣ).pdf

Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields 3kHz to 300GHz


Contents


Foreword ......................................................................................................... i


1. Introduction................................................................................................ 1


1.1 CITATION......................................................................................................................... 1


1.2 BACKGROUND................................................................................................................... 1


1.3 PURPOSE ..........................................................................................................................2


1.4 SCOPE ..............................................................................................................................2


1.5 STRUCTURE ......................................................................................................................3


1.6 INTERPRETATION .............................................................................................................4


2. Basic restrictions and reference levels for exposure to RF fields


between 3 kHz and 300 GHz....................................................................... 5


2.1 APPLICATION....................................................................................................................5


2.2 BASIC RESTRICTIONS AND REFERENCE LEVELS .................................................................5


2.3 BASIC RESTRICTIONS........................................................................................................6


2.4 REFERENCE LEVELS .......................................................................................................10


2.5 REFERENCE LEVELS FOR CONTACT CURRENTS ................................................................ 15


2.6 REFERENCE LEVELS FOR LIMB CURRENTS....................................................................... 15


2.7 SPATIAL AVERAGING OF E AND H FIELDS .......................................................................16


3. Simultaneous exposure to multiple frequency fields ................................ 18


3.1 GENERAL PRINCIPLES.....................................................................................................18


3.2 ELECTROSTIMULATION ..................................................................................................18


3.3 LOCALISED BODY HEATING............................................................................................19


3.4 WHOLE BODY HEATING................................................................................................ 20


3.5 ADDITIONAL REMARKS ..................................................................................................21


4. Verification of compliance with the basic restrictions and


reference levels ........................................................................................ 22


4.1 GENERAL........................................................................................................................22


4.2 TYPE TESTING/RF SITE EVALUATION .............................................................................23


4.3 RECORDS .......................................................................................................................23


4.4 COMPLIANCE OF MOBILE OR PORTABLE TRANSMITTING EQUIPMENT (100 kHZ TO


2.5 GHZ) .....................................................................................................................23


5. Protection—-occupational and general public exposure ............................24


5.1 MANAGING RISK IN OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE............................................................. 24


5.2 PREGNANCY ...................................................................................................................27


5.3 PROVISION OF INFORMATION TO EMPLOYEES .................................................................27


5.4 ALLOWABLE EXPOSURES IN CONTROLLED AREAS ..........................................................27


5.5 RECORDS .......................................................................................................................27


5.6 POST INCIDENT EXPOSURE MANAGEMENT..................................................................... 28


5.7 PROTECTION OF THE GENERAL PUBLIC ......................................................................... 28


References and Bibliography........................................................................30


Schedule 1 Rationale .................................................................................. 32


Schedule 2 Look-up Table of Reference Levels for Occupational


Exposure to Electric and Magnetic Fields as Specified in


Table 7 and Table 8.................................................................. 55


Schedule 3 Look-up Table of Reference Levels for General Public


Exposure to Electric and Magnetic Fields as Specified in


Table 7 and Table 8................................................................. 56


Schedule 4 Equivalent Power Flux Density................................................. 57


 


Schedule 5 Compliance of Mobile or Portable Transmitting


Equipment (100 kHz To 2500 MHz)..........................................59


Glossary ....................................................................................................... 63


Annex 1 Quantities and Units .................................................................... 69


Annex 2 Coupling Mechanisms between RF Fields and the Body ...............72


Annex 3 Epidemiological Studies of Exposure to RF Fields and


Human Health ..............................................................................75


Annex 4 Research into RF Bio-Effects at Low Levels of Exposure ..............95


Annex 5 Assessment of RF Exposure Levels .............................................108


Annex 6 A Public Health Precautionary Approach to RF Fields.................111


Annex 7 Placement Assessment of Persons Occupationally Exposed


to RF Fields ................................................................................. 115


Annex 8 Radiation Protection and Regulatory Authorities....................... 119


Annex 9 ARPANSA Radiation Protection Series Publications .................. 121


Contributors to Drafting and Review .......................................................... 123


Index ........................................................................................................... 124